Lymphoma is a type of cancer that develops in the lymph nodes and lymphatic system. And it appears in two different types. Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, the most common type of lymphoma, accounts for approximately 90% of the lymphomas seen. Another type of lymphoma, Hodgkin’s lymphoma, is a type of lymphoma that is seen at a rate of 10%. The main symptom of lymphoma is the enlargement of the lymph nodes.
Only about 761,659 people in the United States have been diagnosed with lymphoma. About 177,526 of these people were caught in the Hodgkin’s lymphoma and 584,133 in the Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Approximately 80,000 new cases of lymphoma occur each year in the United States. Lymphoma is a disease that can not be prevented. However, survival rates of patients after treatment are quite good.
What is Lymphoma?
Lymphoma is a cancer that occurs in the lymphatic system, part of the body’s immune system. This is due to the effects of solid tumors that develop in the immune system. This cancer is the result of influencing lymphocytes known as white blood cells and immune cells.
According to the statistics, about 20 out of every 100,000 people living in the US are found to have a Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. In contrast, Hodgkin’s lymphoma occurs less frequently with 3 out of every 100,000.
Cancer is a condition that starts with the growth of abnormal cells. Instead of dying in the normal cell life cycle, these abnormal, cancerous cells continue to divide into new abnormal cells and exhibit out-of-control growth.
Types of Lymphoma
Lymphatic carcinomas are classified according to the condition they affect the immune system.
- Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma: B cells and T cells are affected in this lymphoma. These two cells are lymphocyte white blood cells that play an important role in the immune system. B cell lymphoma is much more common than T cell lymphoma.
- Hodgkin’s Lymphoma: Cancer cells called Reed-Sternberg cells with abnormal B-type lymphoma. There are also many subtypes of Hodgkin’s lymphoma. These subtypes can be viewed under the microscope. However, a fairly high proportion of the cases encountered is classified as classical Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
However, the Hodgkin’s lymphoma may occur at any age. This type of lymph cancer, mostly affected by men, can be fully cured in women and in many people. Further, the Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma may be at an advanced stage or at a lower stage. With the detection of these stages, the treatment can be planned in advance and produce a better result.
As with many types of cancer, research on how it occurs in lymphomas and what causes it is still underway. I mean, it can be said that doctors still do not know what causes the lymphoma before they appear in the individual. Medical investigations reveal possible lymphoma risk factors, even if they do not understand why the lymphoma is caused.
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma risk factors;
- Age Factor: Most non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma patients are 60 years old and over.
- Gender Factor: There are many different types and proportions of non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas in the sexes.
- Ethnic and Migrated Site Factor: Looking at the examples in the US, Afro-Americans and Asian-Americans are much less inclined to the lymphoma than white Americans. And, this disease is a very common problem in many developed nations around the world.
- Chemicals and Radiation: The chemicals and nuclear radiation used in some agricultural activities are related to the lymphoma.
- Immunodeficiency: Examples of HIV infection or organ transplantation resulting in immune deficiency.
- Autoimmune Diseases: This is caused by the inconvenience of the body’s immune system attacking its own cells, the end result is increased risk of lymphoma.
- Infection: the increase of some viral and bacterial infections increases the risk of lymphoma.
Hodgkin lymphoma risk factors;