Anal warts (HPV), otherwise called condyloma is a common type of virus. It is a DNA virus and causes warts, papillomas, cervical cancer. Most sexually active people encounter this virus at some point in their lives.
Anal warts (HPV) are placed on the penis and genital area of the man, and the external genital organs, vagina and cervix of the woman. There are more than 120 types of HPV viruses, some types of which may be seen in the mouth (due to oral sex), especially in the genital area.
The HPV virus can develop with periodic exacerbations after entering the body. HPV (human papilloma virus) can lead to lesions called genital warts or condyloma.
It can cause cancer in the female and female in the area. Female cesarean can cause anal cancer in male and female anus, penis and urethra in male and bladder cancer in male. Likewise, oral sex can create lesions in the mouth, on the skin, on the palate, creating a basis for cancer formation.
Each type of HPV does not cause cancer, the recurrence of the disease, active lesions in the body is related to the immune system of the person. Although some people encounter the virus, the virus can be destroyed by the body without giving any indication, or only the contagious feature remains without the disease we call carrier.
How to combat the HPV virus?
HPV can be transmitted by sexual contact. It is usually transmitted by vaginal and anal, and sometimes by oral sex. Most often men and women are unaware that they can become infected with HPV because they often do not give any symptoms. HPV, which can be seen even after years of sexual intercourse, can even be seen in monogamous males.
What health problems does HPV cause on mens?
In men with HPV, there is no symptom or health problem, and in case of no lesion there is a carrier (disease infectivity) condition. Some HPV types cause genital warts in the skin and mucosal tissues around the penis and / or anus of men. Different types of HPV can cause cancer by forming lesions in the penis, anus and mouth.
What Are The Signs and Smptoms of Anal Warts (HPV)?
The vast majority of men or women with HPV have no symptoms or health problems. The signs and symptoms that should be considered for those who develop health problems in men are:
Genital warts: They can be seen in the penis, testicular bags, pubic area and anus region. It occurs individually as lesions in the appearance of a bulbous cauliflower, which is painless. It may occur after sexual intercourse with someone who has a wart, weeks or months.
Anus Cancer: It may not give any symptoms, it can be suddenly bleeding, pain, itching or discharge. There will be changes in defecation habits. Anal and pap test (Anal smear) should be performed in homosexual males and anal females.
Penis Cancer: Penile color change, thickening of the skin, tissue growth on the penis is an early indication, while the late period is a penile wound-like tumoral structure. It is painless, the wound may be painful, bleeding can be observed.
Oral and Throat Cancers: There may be symptoms such as burning in the throat, pity, uncommon earache, constant cough, difficulty in swallowing, weight loss, gauze in the neck.
Is There a HPV Diagnostic Test For Men or Women?
For men today, there is no screening test for viruses in the body. Determination of the virus by pathological evaluation in the presence of the lesion is diagnostic.
The presence of HPV can be detected with a smear test performed once or twice a year in women. In fact, smear test is an assessment of the possibility of cancer transformation in the cervix of the uterus, not the virus.
– There is no scientifically accepted test that can show the risk of genital warts in men and women. However, genital warts are often noticed by the person himself or his partner. The earliest detection is usually the result of abnormalities in the smear test of women who go to the routine gynecologist. If an abnormality occurs in the smear test, the spouse or partner is referred to the urologist, and in many males the presence of genital warts appears.
If the person thinks he has genital warts in himself / herself and / or has detected HPV in his partner, he / she should definitely go to a physician’s examination. Men generally do not have a test to detect the presence of HPV without lesions. Patients diagnosed with HPV in their partners should be examined in the anal area, in addition to the genital examination, or even in the otolaryngologic side of the otorhinus. Only in risky individuals (homosexual men), an anal area examination and a Pap test (Anal smear) are recommended.
Is There a Treatment For Anal Warts (HPV)?
There is no effective treatment for HPV. Lesion (condyloma and / or genital wart) should be surgically removed, cauterized, or frozen in women or men. However, these treatments only remove the lesions in the middle, but do not cause the virus to be completely removed from the body.
There is currently no treatment for the HPV virus to be removed from the body with products such as oral medication, vaccines and creams, but the lesions may never be seen after the methods used to remove the lesions. Body resistance is very important when lesions do not come out again. The aim of the treatment is to remove the lesion from the middle, to use preventive creams, as a measure to keep the body resistance high. Smear testing in women is very important in early diagnosis.
Is there a way to reduce the likelihood of HPV infection?
In men, the HPV virus is genital warts, while anal cancers are largely HPV causative agents. The HPV virus, which can lead to cervical cancer in women, can cause cancer in both cinste oral structures. There is a vaccination against HPV virus, vaccination is recommended for people aged 9-27 years. Vaccination is done in 3 mezes within 6 months. Condoms and monogamy are recommended for protection. However, even a person with a single sexual partner can have HPV infection.
Geniral Wart (HPV) Vaccine Is Therapeutic?
There are 2 types of HPV vaccine that protect against 2 virus types (HPV T-type 16-18) and 4 virus types (HPV types 6, 11, 16 and 18). While the vaccine protects against new HPV infections, it does not treat existing HPV infections or diseases (eg genital warts present). If active sexual life is practiced before the onset, the effectiveness of the vaccine is higher.
The vaccine is more beneficial in men and women who are not yet sexually linked, because the likelihood of not meeting HPV is higher than the others. The rate of vaccine-induced antibody formation is higher and protection is higher at early ages.
HPV vaccine can be used in men and women under the age of 27 who have not detected HPV-related lesions. Especially for those who have multiple sexes and are active sexual lives. Although there are many types of HPV, types of viruses that are most common for the formation of cancer are types of viruses. In the coming years, it is expected that vaccines covering all types of virus will be found as a result of work and put into service for health.
What are the things to know with HPV and what are the things to do?
- Anal warts (HPV) is usually transmitted by sexual contact, and the genital area can also be transmitted by skin contact.
- The person who is diagnosed with HPV in his / her partner and / or partner must go through doctor’s supervision (by the doctor of urology and / or obstetrics).
- Inoculation of people aged 9 to 27 years who have not had HPV vaccine sexual intercourse and / or HPV virus (type 6.11, 16, 18) has been found to be advantageous in terms of protection.
- Women should go through smear test 1-2 times a year during the period when they are sexually active.
- Annual anal examinations and Pap test (anal smear test) should be performed in homosexual men or anal sexually active women.
- Patients with condyloma in the genital and anal region may be eligible for HPV-based examination by an otolaryngologist.
- The use of condoms during sexual intercourse reduces the likelihood of contagiousness.
- Whether male or female, it is appropriate to apply for urology, gynecology, or dermatology doctors without losing sight of a different lesion in the genital area.
- The risk of cancer conversion in untreated, delayed cases is much higher, early intervention is always more advantageous and life saving. While genital warts can be surgically removed, they are removed by cauterization (burning) or cryotherapy (freezing).